OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

This is a transcript of the Research Study of OSHO Dynamic Meditation as presented at the Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Conference in Barcelona/Spain in spring, 2012 by Avni Vyas, Ph.D with Krisana Locke  and Ali von Stein.

Introduction:

What is Meditation?

How to define the term? Lets have a look at Wikipedia.
Meditation refers to a family of self-regulation practices that focus on training attention and awareness in order to bring mental processes under greater voluntary control and thereby foster general mental well-being and development and/or specific capacities such as calm, clarity, and concentration. Walsh & Shapiro (2006)
Meditation is used to describe practices that self-regulate the body and mind, thereby affecting mental events by engaging a specific attentional set…. regulation of attention is the central commonality across the many divergent methods. Cahn & Polich (2006)
We define meditation… as a stylized mental technique… repetitively practiced for the purpose of attaining a subjective experience that is frequently described as very restful, silent, and of heightened alertness, often characterized as blissful. Jevning et al. (1992)
The need for the meditator to retrain his attention, whether through concentration or mindfulness, is the single invariant ingredient in… every meditation system. Goleman (1988)

Some Differences in the Definitions
Eastern Techniques (La Torre, 2002) : Focusing the mind, deepening personal insights and gaining greater awareness of the present moment.
Vipassana/Zazen, Thai Chi, Qi Gong, Yoga
Western techniques : with religious connotations and associations, mind-body techniques like Relaxation Response (Benson and Corliss, 2004), Mindfulness Meditation (Kalb, 2004), Paced Respiration (Ferrari, Kagan, Kessel and Benson, 2004)

What is Required for the Contemporary Individuals – Osho
The modern person of eastern or western origin has changed so much that s/he needs new methods.
Chaotic methods are required because the modern mind is chaotic. Techniques that allow the chaos.
To be expressed in a safe manner, before the effects of meditation are felt become necessary.

Contemporary Methods
One such technique is OSHO Dynamic Meditation which approaches meditation in an indirect way by removing stress and tension through movement and activity.
In this meditation chaos is expressed through dynamic movement and activity prior to inactivity, relaxation and meditation.

OSHO Dynamic Meditation – Five Stages (Osho 1978)
Duration 60 minutes conducted at 07:30 in the morning for 7 days
First Stage 10 minutes – Chaotic Breathing
Second Stage 10 minutes – Cathartic Expression
Third Stage 10 minutes – Jumping up and down and voicing the sound Hoo .
Fourth Stage 15 minutes – Stoppage
Fifth Stage 15 minutes – Celebration
Complete instructions are available in the appendix.

Research Project
Investigating the effects of 7 day participation in OSHO Dynamic Meditation on clinical and corporate variables.
The experiment is conducted in two cities:
Dallas, Texas (2005)
Berlin, Germany (2009)
Clinical and corporate measurements were taken:
At Baseline – two days prior to the onset of the study.
On Day 7 – after completion of day seven (last day) of the meditations.
On day 12 – for follow up measurements.

Clinical Variables
Clinical variables were measured by:
1. ASEBA-ASR (Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment – Adult Self Report)
Depressive Problems
Anxiety Problems
Somatic Problems
Avoidant Personality Problems
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems
Antisocial Personality Problems
2. MSEI (Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory)
3. STAXI-2 (State and Trait Anger Expression Inventory –2).

Corporate Variables
Corporate variables were measured by
1. MBI-GS (Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey)
2. OSI-R (Occupational Stress Inventory – Revised).

Participants
Dallas – 11 at baseline and 9 at completion.
Berlin – 30 at baseline and 25 at completion.
Data from both studies were combined for the analyses. Appropriate statistical procedures were used for the missing data.

Method
Participants came to the meditation space each day at the same time and engaged in OSHO Dynamic Meditation.
All Participants completed a ‘Daily Form’ after the meditation which was comprised of 6 Likert type items, weight and comment section.

A Level of Energy B Relaxedness
C Anger D Peace
E Tiredness F Sadness


Statistical Analyses
A mixed effects model repeated measures model was utilized to test for statistically significant changes over time for each of the variables.
This model was used to estimate means at Baseline, Day 7, and Day 12.
A simulation procedure was used ti adjust the P-values for the 3 comparisons.

Results – Clinical Data 1
Psychological variables (mean scores: BL – D7 – D 12)
Statistically significant decreases in:
Depression (60.47 – 57.38 – 57.24)
Anxiety (56.42 – 54.32 – 54.75)
Somatic problems (55.63 – 53.75 – 52.87)
Thought problems (58.79 – 57.12 – 57.86)
Attention problems (60.30 – 57.51 – 57.65)
Antisocial problems (58.70 – 56.25 – 55.70)

Clinical Data: Psychological Variables
Graphic for Psychological Variables of OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

 

 

 

 

 

 

Psychological Variables GraphicResults Clinical Data 2
Anger (mean scores: BL – D7 – D 12)
Statistically significant decreases in
Trait Anger (51.05 – 48.26 – 48.10)
Trait Temperament (47.32 – 43.95 – 45.64)
Anger Expression in (53.55 – 51.05 – 50.50)
Statistically significant increases in
Anger control in (48.86 – 50.62 – 51.47)

Clinical Data Anger Variables
 Graphic of Anger Statistics of OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results – Clinical Data 3
Self-Esteem (mean scores, BL – D7 – D 12)
Statistically significant increases in:
Lovability (48.93 – 49.79 – 51.33)
Likeability (53.28 – 55.97 – 56.65)
Self-Control (49.47 – 52.43 – 52.21)
Defensive Self-Enhancement (53.26 – 56.14 – 59.45)

Clinical Data Self Esteem
Graphic of Self Esteem Statistics of OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results Corporate Data
Occupational Stress (mean scores: BL – D7 – D 12)
Statistically significant decreases in:
Psychological Strain ( 53.93 – 49.24 – 49.11)
Interpersonal Strain (53.98 – 50.97 – 50.72)
Physical Strain (51.00 – 46.74 – 46.03)
Statistically significant increases in:
Self Care (55.14 – 58.33 – 56.05)

Corporate Data: Occupational Stress
Graphic of Occupational Stess Statistics of OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results – Corporate Data 2

Burnout (mean scores: BL – D7 – D 12)
Statistically significant decreases in
Personal Accomplishment Exhaustion ( 4.73 – 4.67 – 4.43)

Corporate Data: Burn Out
Graphic Image of Burn Out for OSHO Dynamic Meditation Research Study

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion
Data shows that Osho Dynamic Meditation is highly effective:

Highlighted decreases seen in:
Psychological issues (e.g. Depression, Anxiety, Thought Problems, Sleeping issues, and many others)
Anger (even at the trait level)
Occupational Stress
Burnout

Highlighted increases seen in:
Self-Esteem
Self-Care

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